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Quotables

  • The study -- published by the Bulgarian-based Center for the Study of Democracy on September 9 -- says Beijing’s growing economic footprint in Central and Eastern Europe over the last decade has coincided with a drop in legal and governance standards and raises concerns about the environment and rising debt levels in the region.

    The report is the first wide-ranging study of China’s expanding presence in Central and Eastern Europe, which has seen Beijing become the region’s largest trading partner.

    Radio Free Europe
    New Study Says China Using Investments To Buy Political Influence In Central, Eastern Europe, September 9, 2021
  • "Russia transports the gas, builds the pipeline and finances it through bogus companies that obscure the real background of the money flows," wrote the Sofia-based Center for Democracy Studies (CSD) in an analysis. With the deliveries and long-term contracts, Gazprom is also clogging the market in Southeastern Europe and making access more difficult for other suppliers, says Ruslan Stefanov from the CSD.

    Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
    Wie Gazprom Südosteuropa an sich bindet, September 2, 2021
  • The Bulgarian think tank CSD noted as early as 2016 that the preference given to well-connected individuals in public procurement contracts has been widespread.

    Der Spiegel
    Irgendwas kaufen, May 15, 2021
  • According to the Sofia-based Centre for the Study of Democracy, actual Russian foreign direct investment stock in Bulgaria amounts to €4.5 billion (equivalent to about 11% of GDP). Some analysts caution that endemic corruption, bilateral energy links, and alleged Russian ties to some political parties and interest groups may invite greater overall Russian influence in Bulgarian affairs.

    Congressional Research Service
    Bulgaria: An Overview, April 16, 2021
  • Russia has skillfully leveraged existing and former security services networks that have been alive and well even three decades after the fall of the Communist regime.

    Martin Vladimirov, Director, Energy and Climate Program, CSD
    The Wall Street Journal, March 25, 2021
  • The growing Chinese presence in the energy sector could jeopardize EU targets to reduce CO2 emissions.

    Martin Vladimirov, Director, Energy and Climate Program, CSD
    Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, February 8, 2021
  • According to a report last year by the Centre for the Study of Democracy, a Sofia-based think-tank, at least 35 per cent of public procurement contracts involve corrupt practices.

    Financial Times, October 22, 2020
  • The Centre for the Study of Democracy, a Sofia think-tank, said in a 2019 report that according to local businesspeople, at least 35 per cent of public procurement contracts involved corrupt practices.

    Financial Times, September 7, 2020
  • A 2019 report by the Centre for the Study of Democracy in Sofia on corruption in Bulgaria said that, according to local business people, at least 35 per cent of public procurement contracts involve corrupt practices.

    Financial Times, July 16, 2020
  • Borissov has effectively played the “good European,” said Ruslan Stefanov, director of the economic program at the Center for the Study of Democracy, a research group in Sofia. The concern is that oligarchs control critical assets and that leaves the country at the whim of a narrow group of people—what he and his colleagues call a “captured state.”

    “If they change their allegiance, it changes the whole orientation of the country,” said Stefanov, who co-authored a study entitled “The Kremlin Playbook in Southeast Europe” published this year.

    Ruslan Stefanov, Director, Economic Program, CSD
    Bloomberg, February 21, 2020

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