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Shady Business: Uncovering the Business Model of Labour Exploitation

Trafficking for labour exploitation is driven by the opportunity to make profit and in many cases businesses benefiting from this crime are not restricted to criminal organisations. In fact, it is often a chain of legitimate businesses that engage in labour exploitation, both knowingly and unknowingly. 

This toolkit describes the business model of trafficking for labour exploitation outlining how different legitimate business structures are used to conceal and further this crime. It also highlighs the links between labour exploitation, trafficking and economic crimes. The model is developed based on data collected in Bulgaria, Estonia, Finland and Latvia.

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