The turn of the millennium marked both the tenth anniversary of the beginning of
post-communist reforms in Bulgaria and the establishment of the Center for the
Study of Democracy as an independent think and action tank.
For ten years the Center has been spearheading the transformation efforts in the
country, addressing critical issues such as constitutional reform, privatization, commercial
law development, building capacity for the non-governmental sector and, in
the last few years, initiating and leading a comprehensive public-private anti-corruption
partnership, Coalition 2000. Being at the forefront of the adoption of new institutions
and standards of public life and economic development, necessitated that the
Center maintained a substantial research, advocacy and technical capabilities.
Laying the foundations of its political and financial independence, these capabilities
also allowed CSD to pioneer innovative approaches to facilitating transition in
Bulgaria. Among these, the promotion of public-private partnerships as an instrument
of sustainable reforms and working out targeted watchdog methods in the
area of governance, are particularly notable.
The drafting and introduction to the National Assembly of legislation related to
electronic commerce (Law on Electronic Signature and Electronic Document) and
human rights (The Draft Law on the Ombudsman), the pilot study of the link
between smuggling and corruption, the launch of the Judicial Reform Initiative for
Bulgaria, the international recognition of CSD’s corruption monitoring system, and
the start of a regional anti-corruption effort as part of the Southeast European Legal
Development Initiative, are also evidence to the successful application of these
methods in the year 2000.
The most noteworthy development in the focus of CSD’s work in 2000 was the
regionalization of its activities in the field of good governance and legal development.
Taking stock of 10 years of uneven pace of domestic reforms, it has become
increasingly clear to us – as well as to many in the international community – that
the sustainability of the transition policies in the countries of Southeast Europe and
their long term impact could only be guaranteed if issues were addressed on a truly
The institutionalization of this new thinking at CSD – the Southeast Europe Legal
Development Initiative (SELDI) – produced its first practical results by the end of
2000. The preliminary results of the corruption diagnostics, carried out in seven SEE
countries using CSD designed monitoring methodology, are the first effort to take
the corruption “temperature” of the region on a comparative basis. Produced in
cooperation with a network of partners, these results will serve as an indispensable
background of proposals for joint actions and policy recommendations to be
worked out in the framework of SELDI.