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Fundamental rights

Fundamental rights are one of the basic components of every democratic society. The effective exercise of fundamental rights requires not only an adequate legal framework, but also an established institutional infrastructure and an active civil society. To contribute to the better protection of fundamental rights the Law Program initiated and worked actively for the establishment of the ombudsman institution in Bulgaria, drafting a concept paper and a draft law and developing the web-based Ombudsman Information Network. The Law Program has also monitored the level of ethnic discrimination in Bulgaria and the efforts of the government to ensure equal treatment of all ethnic groups in the country. The respect for the rights of specific vulnerable groups such as children, victims of crime, asylum seekers and prisoners are also in the focus of the Law Program’s activities.


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Victims of Crime – New Trends in Identifying, Needs Assessment and Referral in Bulgaria and the EU
Despite the transposition of the EU acquis on the protection of victims of crime, Bulgaria is still lagging behind in providing victims adequate support and participation in criminal proceedings. more »
Protection of the Rights of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings
In order for the referral, support and protection of the rights of victims of trafficking of human beings (THB) to be effective, stakeholders need to work in cooperation towards a common goal and each of them should understand the others’ perspectives. more »
Free movement of young Europeans in times of crisis
The right of free movement within the European Union is a way for young Europeans to achieve their adequate career path, following their education, and reach a better quality of life. more »
Identification, needs assessment and referral of victims of crime in the EU and in Bulgaria – legal and social dimensions
Social services are seriously hampered in identifying, assessing individual needs and referring victims of crime to services due to lack of clarity and resulting gaps in legislation, due to which institutional functions are not comprehensively defined. This was the conclusion reached by the participants in the training seminar ‘Identification, needs assessment and referral of victims of crime in the EU and Bulgaria – legal and social dimensions’, organized by the Center for the Study of Democracy. more »


all publications

Mapping reports on social orientation in twelve EU Member States
Experts from six EU Member States – Bulgaria, Belgium, Greece, Austria, Romania and Latvia – led by the Center for the Study of Democracy completed the mapping of the systems of social orientation for non-nationals in twelve EU Member States. The overviews concerned the legal framework under which social orientation is delivered, the course/module providers, the audience targeted by the social orientation efforts. more »
Mapping of stakeholders in the area of victim support
The present report outlines the structure and components of systems of victims support in Bulgaria, Romania, Sweden and Germany. The rights of victims in the four Member States’ legislations are outlined, as well as the general and specific victim support entities in them and the models of their coordination and co-operation. more »
Manual on model practices for the identification, needs assessment and referral of victims
The manual on model practices for the identification, needs assessment and referral of victims is a result of a research effort by a transnational team of academics, policy makers and practitioners, including representatives of the Center for the Study of Democracy. more »
Handbook for professionals assisting victims of trafficking
The handbook for legal, social and health professionals involved in the protection of the rights and in the assistance of victims of human trafficking was prepared by a transnational team of experts, including representatives of the Center for the Study of Democracy. It tackles the legal framework of protecting and supporting victims of trafficking, the process of secondary victimisation by the criminal justice system, the role of psychologists and social workers in the criminal process and the multidisciplinary work in processing trafficking cases. more »

   Law Program

(Promulgated in State Gazette No. 48 of May 23, 2003, in force since January 1, 2004)

Law on Local Self-Government and Local Administration