CSD >> Economic program >> Energy Security


Energy Security

The energy sector plays a key role in the Bulgarian economy. It concentrates sizable state and private financial and human assets. Energy resources represent 20% of Bulgarian imports and 15% of the country’s exports. The energy sector is dominated by heavily regulated state-owned and private monopolies, thus providing a favorable environment for a lack of transparency, pervasive private political and economic vested interests, fraud, corruption, overinvestment and under-servicing, and disregard of state and consumer interests. The consequences of bad governance are enhanced by a lack of clear strategic and legal framework. Bulgaria’s EU membership, and the increasing role of the European Commission in forming a common energy policy based on market liberalization, energy efficiency and renewables, creates the opportunity for adopting better governance practices and opening up of the Bulgarian energy sector. A key objective of the Center for the Study of Democracy’s research and advocacy is to improve energy sector governance for a transparent and sustainable economic development.


all events

Priorities for the National Energy and Climate Plan until 2030: decentralization and decarbonization
Тhe Center for the Study of Democracy welcomed representatives from all relevant institutions on a round table discussion: “Priorities for the National Energy and Climate Plan until 2030: decentralization and decarbonization”. more »
Envisioning the transition to low carbon energy
The two-day Transition Visioning Workshop was held in Sofia, Bulgaria with 60 participants from 10 countries. Interactive work in small groups allowed all participants to speak and share their knowledge. more »
Governance Practices in the Transition to a Low-carbon Future
Europe is at a crossroads in its transition towards a sustainable energy system, which aims to address challenges related to climate change, high levels of pollution and growing energy security concerns. more »
South East Europe Electricity Roadmap until 2050: Decarbonization and Decentralization
Bulgaria faces the challenge to adapt the dynamically evolving European strategies and policies for a low carbon economy to its national priorities. The process of reaching the targets set by the EC reflects the regional characteristics of SEE and the technological potential of the Bulgarian economy and energy sector, which causes some tension between the market players, consumers and stakeholders, thus hindering adequate policy formulation and implementation. more »


all publications

Development of Small-Scale Renewable Energy Sources in Bulgaria: Legislative and Administrative Challenges

CSD Policy Brief No. 79: Decentralisation and Democratisation of the Bulgarian Electricity Sector: Bringing the Country Closer to the EU Climate and Energy Core

Statement by the Center for the Study of Democracy regarding Russia’s Economic Footprint in the Western Balkans

CSD Policy Brief No. 74: Assessing Russia's Economic Footprint in Bosnia and Herzegovina

   Economic Program

Bulgarian Energy Policy

Copenhagen 2009: Outliers among CO2 emitters: choose your pick





Are Bulgarian consumers willing to pay for clean energy?






National Energy Strategy 2020

National Action Plan on RES


Think Tank Fund