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GREY Policy Brief No. 4, 2017: Tackling Undeclared Work in Southeast Europe: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses
The policy brief provides an overview of the findings, lessons learnt, and recommendations for tackling undeclared work from four years of data gathering and research in three SEE countries, namely Bulgaria, Croatia and Macedonia. It underlines the fact that participation in undeclared work is a widespread and accepted practice in the economic and social life of Southeast Europe, yet this phenomenon differs substantially across and within the three countries. more »
GREY Policy Brief No. 3, 2017: Tackling Undeclared Work in Croatia: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses
The current policy brief indicates that non-compliant practices are deeply ingrained in Croatia. One in eleven admits to have done some fully undeclared work. Six out of ten Croatians believe that at least 20% of their compatriots violate tax and labor laws. The perception of the widespread nature of undeclared work and the lack of trust in formal institutions seem to be the main incentives for people to engage in undeclared work. These have been further exacerbated by high unemployment and low retirement income. more »
GREY Policy Brief No. 2, 2017: Tackling Undeclared Work in the FYR of Macedonia: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses
Undeclared work has deep roots in Macedonia as 1 in 16 adults and 1 in 8 of the employed population engage in undeclared work. Unemployment remains unusually high compared with the EU average. The continuing state and political crisis in the country from 2005 further sets the stage for non-compliant practices, including undeclared work. The policy brief notes that an effective long-term policy towards undeclared work and envelope wages should be designed aimed at changes in the institutional framework, as well as a reversal of the positive attitudes towards noncompliant activities. more »
GREY Policy Brief No. 1, 2017: Tackling Undeclared Work in Bulgaria: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses
The policy brief shows that participation in undeclared work is widespread in Bulgaria. The undeclared economy is estimated at roughly a third of GDP, thus presenting a serious challenge to the country’s fiscal performance. Nearly one in ten people do some undeclared work. Bulgarians see undeclared work as deeply ingrained in their society. Undeclared work is motivated primarily by lack of trust between the people and the authorities. more »
CSD Policy Brief No. 69: Money Laundering in Bulgaria: State of Affairs and Policy Implications
Bulgaria remains high risk country for the initiation of money laundering schemes. The high share of informality in its economy, coupled with the low level of enforcement against corruption and organized crimes, renders the country’s financial system highly susceptible to money laundering. more »
Evaluating Governance and Corruption Risk in Bulgaria
Corruption continues to be one of the main social problems for Bulgaria a decade after the country’s EU accession. The Bulgarian public is one of the few in Europe, which trusts EU institutions more than its own government to find a sustainable solution to this problem. Making sure thе mechanisms of EU conditionality and public procurement support deliver on these high expectations is of paramount importance for delivering a lasting solution to Bulgaria’s rule of law problems. As part of the largest ever team of social sciences and humanities in Europe – ANTICORRP.eu, CSD has developed two case studies, which help explain the key risks of corruption in the public procurement market in construction and the way the EU has impacted Bulgarian progress on anti-corruption. more »
The Kremlin Playbook: Understanding Russian Influence in Central and Eastern Europe
There was a deeply held assumption that, when the countries of Central and Eastern Europe joined NATO and the European Union in 2004, these countries would continue their positive democratic and economic transformation. Yet more than a decade later, the region has experienced a steady decline in democratic standards and governance practices at the same time that Russia’s economic engagement with the region expanded significantly. Regional political movements and figures have increasingly sought to align themselves with the Kremlin and with illiberalism. Central European governments have adopted ambiguous—if not outright pro-Russian—policy stances that have raised questions about their transatlantic orientation and produced tensions within Western institutions. more »
CSD Policy Brief No. 67: Turkey in The Framework of the EU Energy Union: Energy Security and Governance Risks
The successful creation of a European energy union will not be possible without the active involvement of Turkey. The latter is going to play a vital role as the major transit country of future alternative natural gas supply from the Caspian region and the Middle East. Similarly, Turkey will benefit from the development of the Energy Union because it can transform itself in a major energy-trading hub, Turkey’s long-term energy policy objective. more »
A Revanchist Russia versus an Uncertain West: An Appreciation of the Situation since the 2014 Ukrainian Crisis
An aggressive Russia, a divided and unsettled Europe, and a distracted and unpredictable United States have created an unprecedented and perilous confluence of events that could undermine the European security architecture and the liberal-democratic order. Ultimately, it is conceivable that the Western allies and Russia could achieve through dialogue some kind of constructive modus vivendi whereby Russia becomes a less paranoid power that respects the independence of its former empire. A long shot to begin with, such a rapprochement is less achievable if Europe and the United States appear disorganized and vulnerable. more »
CSD Policy Brief No. 65: The Wind that Blows from the East: Russian Influence in Central and Eastern Europe
The topic of Russia’s influence in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) has grown in significance after the eruption of the Ukrainian crisis in 2013. The US and EU policy and research communities have scrambled to explain the potential scenarios, tools, and impacts of the Russian influence, as well as propose possible solutions to minimizing its negative effects on European unity. more »

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