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Anticorruption Education
 
Promoting anti-corruption education in the secondary schools is one of the new activities of Coalition 2000. It became especially a pertinent issue to work on in 2004, since a further and more effective development of the educational reform in the country is on the agenda, including the adoption of the Strategy for development of the secondary education in Bulgaria and the announcing of 2005 as the Year of Democratic Citizenship Through Education by the Council of Europe. At the beginning of 2004, upon an initiative of Coalition 2000 was created an expert group in order to assess the opportunities for introduction of anticorruption education as a part of the civic education in the secondary schools. The overall goal was the young people to receive update information about this social phenomenon, and at the same time, to increase their knowledge about issues like: the role and functions of the state institutions, the formation of the state budget and taxes, the work of local authorities, the need for transparency and accountability in the work of state institutions, as well as their civil rights and obligations. As a result of these efforts, in the fall of 2004, the Ministry of Science and Education officially introduced an elective on Anticorruption in the secondary schools curriculum.

The updated version of the educational manual Anticorruption published by Coalition 2000 in 2003 created a basis for the development of a university anticorruption lecture course, as well as for the integration of selected anticorruption topics in the existing academic programs in the area of social sciences, which was an important step towards in the introduction of the anticorruption as a subject in the Bulgarian higher education, including in the preparation of future teachers.

In addition, in 2004 Coalition 2000 published a couple of manuals assisting the introduction of anticorruption education in the secondary schools. The Corruption in 100 Answers manual was offered to school teachers to facilitate the teaching of an elective course on Anticorruption, introduced by the Ministry of Science and Education in the fall of 2004. Two on-line manuals were also developed: a manual Anticorruption and Citizenship for students from 9th till 12th grade developed by Paidea Foundation and a Manual for assisting teaching of anticorruption in the secondary schools developed by Association Elisaveta Klark and Penka Kasabova.

From the beginning of 2004 experts and partners of Coalition 2000 also work towards the introduction of a mechanism for acquaintance with and protection of the rights of students both during their education, and after graduation, through the establishment of a new position in the secondary schools (the so-called “school intermediary”). By the end of 2004 peer mediation was tested at three Plovdiv-based secondary schools by the Bulgarian Association for Out-of-Court Conflicts Resolution. In November 2004, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski introduced the first academic ombudsman in Bulgaria as part of the project implemented by Social Dialogue Foundation.

Good practices in anticorruption education were established by partner nongovernmental organizations in the framework of the Civil Society Against Corruption grants program of Coalition 2000. During the projects, the partner NGOs tested new models and methods for: teaching of anticorruption at the secondary school; preparing future teachers in civic and anticorruption education at the university level; extracurricular activities involving visits to public institutions by students, etc. Those projects also involved conducting of surveys assessing the levels of corruption at higher and secondary education institutions and the benefits from introducing of anticorruption education at the secondary school. The survey results demonstrated a substantial interest about the issue by students, parents, teachers and administration.

The cooperation between Coalition 2000 and the Department on Information and Teachers’ Training at Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski in 2004 led to the introduction of a new program for teachers’ continuous education on the following topic: A Transparent Classroom – Aspects of Anticorruption Training and Education.

Case-study Introduction of Anticorruption Education in Bulgarian Secondary Schools - the experience of Coalition 2000 - June, 2005, ODI

Publications
Anticorruption Notebook, 2005 (in Bulgarian only, Adobe PDF, 1 010 kB)
Corruption in 100 Answers Manual, 2004 (in Bulgarian only, Adobe PDF, 1 300 kB)
Anticorruption Education Manual, 2003 (in Bulgarian only, Adobe PDF, 1 975 kB)
Anticorruption Education Manual, 2000 (in Bulgarian only, Adobe PDF, 610 kB)


Meetings and discussions
Final Conference on Project Pedagogical Model for Anticorruption Education in Secondary Schools - 29-30 January, 2005, Sofia
Public Discussion Anticorruption Education and the Civic Counteraction of Corruption at Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski - 25 January, 2005, Sofia
Public Forum Education and Anticorruption - 18 January, 2005, Boyana Conference Center
Diplomas Award Ceremony of the University for Civic Culture in Varna - 20 December, 2004, Varna
Round table Resolution of Out-of-court Conflicts in the Secondary School System Through the Establishment of the School Mediator Position - 14 December, 2004, Plovdiv
Press-conference on announcing the results of a survey: Social roots of the various types and forms of the corrupting practices in the Bulgarian universities - 7 December, 2004, Sofia
National Campaign “No to Corruption at the Universities” - 1 December, 2004, Sofia
Public Presentation of the Corruption in 100 Answers Handbook and the Electronic Manual Anticorruption and Citizenship - 25 November, 2004, Sofia
Public Forum Mediation at Schools - 23 November, 2004, Plovdiv
Press Conference for Presenting the Results from a Survey Typology of the Corruption Practices in Higher Education in Bulgaria and a Strategy for Counteraction - 18 November, 2004, Sofia
Training Seminar for High School Teachers: Methodology in Anticorruption Educaiton Instruction - 12-13 November, 2004, Sofia
Appointment of the First Academic Ombudsman at Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski - 1 November, 2004, Sofia
Third Round Table: Corruption in the Higher Education System in Bulgaria – Myth or Reality? - 26 October, 2004, Sofia
Training Seminar The School Mediator: a Method for Conflict Resolution at the Secondary School - 26 October, 2004, Plovdiv
Third Country Training Program on Anti-Corruption Education in Slovakia - 2-9 October, 2004
Diplomas Award Ceremony for the Participants in the Summer Internship Program on Project University for Civic Culture of City and Culture Foundation in Varna - 6 October, 2004, Varna
Third Training Seminar on Anticorruption Topics for High School Students in Sliven - 26-27 September, 2004, Sliven
Closing meeting on Project Talks on Anticorruption - 12 July, 2004, Sofia
Round table: Anti-Corruption Education in the Secondary Schools – April 20, 2004, Sofia
Working meeting: Introduction of anticorruption education in secondary schools - February 19, 2004
Regional Working Group on Corruption & Education Meeting: December 4-5, 2003, Paris
Round table: Anticorruption Education in Bulgaria - November 25, 2003
 
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