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Organised crime

Organised crime has been one of the key areas of research for over a decade for CSD. Over this period numerous studies on criminal markets and activities have been conducted. CSD has partnered with national (Ministry of Interior and the Main Directorate Combating Organised Crime) or international law-enforcement agencies (Serious Organised Crime Agency (UK), Bundeskriminalamt, and Europol), or international organizations (UNODC) in implementing projects or conducting research. Since 2007 CSD through its consulting arm Project One EOOD has carried out research on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate General Justice Freedom and Security (DG JLS) throughout all 27 EU Member States, partnering with the leading criminologists throughout Europe. Research articles of CSD’s researchers have appeared in international peer-reviewed journals and other peer-reviewed publications. CSD researchers are also active in the public policy dialogue on organized crime through regular appearance on all leading TV and radio networks, or as contributors to daily and weekly newspapers.

 

Events

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Financing of Human Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation
Trafficking in human beings (THB) for the purpose of sexual exploitation has become one of the largest Bulgarian criminal markets since the beginning of the new millennium. Trafficking and prostitution not only generate huge incomes for Bulgarian organised crime but also have detrimental social and economic impact on local communities. more »
 
The Illicit Tobacco Market: Limits to Institutional Enforcement
The trade in illegal tobacco products contributes to significant loss in state budget revenue for many countries. The traditionally high levels of illicit tobacco product’s consumption in Bulgaria have brought about an estimated BGN 4.83 billion in VAT and excise tax losses for the last ten years. The concerted efforts of Bulgarian authorities have brought about a significant reduction in the market for illicit cigarettes since 2015. more »
 

Publications

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CSD Policy Brief No. 80: The Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products along the Balkan Route – Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Romania
Bulgaria and Romania have long traditions in illicit tobacco trade rooted in the hardships of their transitions to market economy. Unlike them, Greece and Italy enjoyed lower levels of illicit tobacco consumption, which changed with the arrival of the global economic crisis in 2009. Thus by 2012 illicit market soared from 2.2 % up to 8.5 % in Italy and from 2 % up to 10 % in Greece. The economic crisis have also led to sharp increase in illicit tobacco consumption in Bulgaria and Romania as well. However, while Bulgaria and Italy managed to stifle the illicit market, Greece and Romania continue to face high levels of counterfeit and contraband cigarettes. more »
 
CSD Policy Brief No. 78: Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Bulgaria: Criminal Finances and Capacity for Financial Investigations
Trafficking in human beings (THB) for the purpose of sexual exploitation has become one of the largest Bulgarian criminal markets since the beginning of the new millennium. After the lifting of Schengen visas for Bulgarian nationals in 2001, Bulgaria became a major country of origin for the trafficking in human beings exploited in the EU. THB and prostitution not only generate huge incomes for Bulgarian organised crime but also have detrimental social and economic impact on local communities. more »
 


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