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Organised crime

Organised crime has been one of the key areas of research for over a decade for CSD. Over this period numerous studies on criminal markets and activities have been conducted. CSD has partnered with national (Ministry of Interior and the Main Directorate Combating Organised Crime) or international law-enforcement agencies (Serious Organised Crime Agency (UK), Bundeskriminalamt, and Europol), or international organizations (UNODC) in implementing projects or conducting research. Since 2007 CSD through its consulting arm Project One EOOD has carried out research on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate General Justice Freedom and Security (DG JLS) throughout all 27 EU Member States, partnering with the leading criminologists throughout Europe. Research articles of CSD’s researchers have appeared in international peer-reviewed journals and other peer-reviewed publications. CSD researchers are also active in the public policy dialogue on organized crime through regular appearance on all leading TV and radio networks, or as contributors to daily and weekly newspapers.



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The Links Between Crime and Terrorism in Europe
Radicalisaiton and terrorism are among the most pressing security threats in the European Union. The possible interaction or convergence between conventional and organised criminals on the one hand and extremists on the other can amplify the risks presented by both security issues. more »
Financing of Human Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation
Trafficking in human beings (THB) for the purpose of sexual exploitation has become one of the largest Bulgarian criminal markets since the beginning of the new millennium. Trafficking and prostitution not only generate huge incomes for Bulgarian organised crime but also have detrimental social and economic impact on local communities. more »


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Bulgarian Organised Crime Threat Assessment
The 2017 Bulgarian Organised Crime Threat Assessment uncovers the major trends and dynamics in the country’s main criminal markets during the last several years. The current analysis indicates shrinking of traditionally robust criminal areas, such as the illegal trade in cigarettes and organised VAT fraud, while the illegal trade in fuels and the use and distribution of marijuana are experiencing growth. more »
CSD Policy Brief No. 80: The Illicit Trade of Tobacco Products along the Balkan Route – Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Romania
Bulgaria and Romania have long traditions in illicit tobacco trade rooted in the hardships of their transitions to market economy. Unlike them, Greece and Italy enjoyed lower levels of illicit tobacco consumption, which however changed with the arrival of the global economic crisis in 2009. Thus by 2012 illicit market soared from 2.2 % up to 8.5 % in Italy and from 2 % up to 10 % in Greece. more »

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